In the Barrio Puerto of Valparaíso, homeless people represent a historical reality. The conditions in the neighborhood generate an urban framework and a niche, which allow them to remain and to survive there. The highest quantity of homeless people concentrate and wander in Echaurren square, in search their basic needs. Furthermore, the Barrio Puerto is characterized for the linking of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, which along with the urban fabric have been severely deteriorated.
For those reasons, the project aim at restoring part of the deteriorated urban fabric, specifically in the empty land that resulted from the gas explosion at the Palacio Subercaseaux in 2007. In this way, the project is approached around the neighborhood cultural heritage. Through volumen of concrete, that builds and mantains the architectural context of the neighborhood itself, it is intended to create a shelter for the homeless people as an alternative of rehabilitation and inclusion in the neighborhood.
Due to the habitability of homeless people and their interaction with others around the squares, it is proposed an stepped square that comes to the shelter. This allow to go through the hill and the neighborhood, creating social and meeting spaces. At the same time, it is important to care for the landscape and also to have temporary housing solutions for homeless people. Thereby, generating a protected habitability with the building of diffuses limits between the inside and the outside, ensure a feeling of being sheltered in public. Accordingly, the project rescue the dynamics of neighborhood habitability and provides an alternative to this social problematic.